The 10 Golden Rules of Wildlife Photography

Generally speaking, people give close attention to good quality work. A good craftsman is appreciated; his skill, creativity and professionalism exude quality. Photographing wildlife is no different; the successful photographer must give attention to every aspect of his craft and treat it professionally. The following golden rules provide a strong foundation:

wildlife photography golden rules

“phesant through the trees” captured by PictureSocial member gerry morgan

A good Wildlife Photographer:

1. Has good equipment and knows how to use it well.

Depending on the type of wildlife you photograph, this is an area where your camera system plays an important role. When photographing a subject there’s no time to fumble with the tools in hand – the photographer, like an experienced car driver operates his machine fluently, almost without thinking.

2. He’s passionate about his craft and wildlife.

Unless you’re passionate about wildlife you won’t go far. Why not? Because you need dedication. A wildlife photographer may spend many hours, days even years trying to get the right picture. Do you think I’m exaggerating? Let me tell you that some of the images that won the Wildlife Photographer of the Year Competition took some of those photographers years to perfect.

3. His clothing and equipment doesn’t give away his position.

This rule may appear insignificant, but it isn’t. The color of clothing or any reflection coming from the photographer or equipment has frightened wildlife and brought an end to a session.

4. Never causes stress to his subjects for the sake of a picture.

It isn’t right to pursue or corner an animal to the point where this pressure will cause stress. This is unprofessional and evidence of an unfeeling, selfish individual.

wildlife photography tips

“Happy Hour Cows” captured by PictureSocial member Debra Vanderlaan

5. Is always safety conscious.

Animals and even some birds of prey are unpredictable. Safety of self and others is paramount.

6. Is positive, perseveres and has lots of patience.

If there’s an area in photography where failure is tied very tightly to a photographer, is when these qualities are seriously missing. Wildlife photography by its nature is a waiting game, persisting again and again.

7. Is willing to get up before sunrise.

Early morning and late afternoon are the best times. This is the period the wildlife is feeding and very active.

8. Sends his best shots to competitions, isn’t afraid of failure.

Photographers need to continue stretching their abilities – competitions are an excellent way to learn. Failure is often taken negatively, that shouldn’t be the case. While not pleasant, it should serve as an incentive to press on and not taken personally. Sometimes magazine editors will reject some work, not because it isn’t up to standard, but because it was sent at the wrong time or in the wrong way. Maybe they just had a recent feature covering that same subject and there isn’t room for another one soon.

9. Takes time to do in-house research about his subject matter.

Preparation is half way to success. Learning a bit about the subject and location where you’ll be photographing is in my opinion, one of the most important golden rules.

wildlife photo

“In a Tigers Eyes” captured by PictureSocial member Don Heffern II

10. Is technically proficient.

The photographer must know how to get sharp pictures, compose the subject, know what’s the best light, how to use fill flash and all the techniques necessary to create a good picture.

About the Author
Carlos Pereira ( received a qualification from the British Institute of Professional Photographers. He developed a successful business in the UK as a wedding and Portrait photographer. He received further training in the USA from Monte Zucker, a master photographer. His Wildlife and Portrait photographs have been published in the UK and European photographic magazines. He concentrates his photography as a travelling photographer and a teacher, offering his expertise as a nature photographer through digital books. His vision has been moulded by the classic portraiture that was his business for a number of years.

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